Baranagar was the significant trade place when Calcutta was the habitat of wild beasts
Agreement with the Dutch for the purchase of Baranagar
Voice Over: Jayanta Baksi
One may not accept as true the above comments however, the following excerpts be able to be establish the above remarks. Please study 3 different subsequent paragraphs and judge above comments by your own.
1. “North of Cossipore lies Barnagore, well dotted with brick houses, which indicate the remains of that opulence which grew up with the commercial establishments of the Dutch. During the greater part of the last century this settlement belonged to them, and here their vessels anchored on their way to Chinsurah. It is said to have been originally a Portuguese establishment. It was a place of considerable trade whenCalcutta was the abode of wild beasts.”
2. “A part only of the fleet arrived at Hooghly; but while the president was waiting for the remainder, an affray was caused by three soldiers on 28th October 1686, atHooghly, which brought on a general engagement. Nicholson bombarded the town, and burned 500 houses, and spiked all the guns in the batteries; and the Fouzdar begged for an armistice, to gain time.
During the truce, the Company’s officers reflected upon their position, in an open town likeHooghly, and resolved to abandon it. Instead, however, of obeying the orders they had received from home of proceeding to Chittagong, they retired to Chuttanuttee, a little below the Dutch factory at Barnagore, where they landed on the 20th November 1686, and the English flag was for the first time planted in the spot destined to become the capital of a great empire.”
3. “To the north of Dukhinsore lies the Powder Magazine. More than twenty lakhs of rupees have been expended in the erection of steam-engines and country houses, in the space between Dukhinsore and the Chitpore Canal, in a range of less than three miles.”
Source (from 1 to 3): During the Rule of the East India Company From 1600 to 1858, By W. H. CAREY. Publisher: Quins Book Company, 62A, Ahiritola Street, Calcutta: 700005. First Published: 1882
[This book was the outcome of the serious research work of several years of W.H.Carey, he who had collected assorted valuable and interesting documents from various old newspapers and other publications like Calcutta Review; Orlich’s Jacque Mont’s; Mackintosh’s Travels; Long’s Selections; Kaye’s Civil Administration; Wheeler’s Early Records; Malleson’s Recreations; East India United Service Journal; Asiatic Researches and Asiatic Journal; Knight’s Calcutta; Lewis’s Memoirs of Thomas; Orme’s History of India; Calcutta Gazettes and other Calcutta papers. After several years of compilation the author finally shaped those compilations into a book form.
Please retain information, presently we are exercising or calling the place as “Baranagar” instead of author’s spelling “Barnagore” and “Dakshineswar” instead of “Dukhinsore”. – Jayanta Baksi]
Agreement with the Dutch for the purchase of Baranagar, dated 20th September 1817
2. “….. restoration to the Dutch of the factories and establishments possessed by them in India and the Eastern Season the 1st January 1803: by an additional article the Dutch agreed to cede to the British Government the district of Baranagar on payment of an annual sum to be fixed by mutual agreement.
In pursuance of these arrangements formal Deeds of transfer were executed in the cases of Chinsura and Baranagar respectively (Nos. XIII and XIV). The transfer of Ralkapur to the Dutch remained in abeyance in consequence of their assertion of a claim to the exercise of certain prescriptive rights of sovereignty and independence within that factory which were inconsistent with its purely commercial status.
The tenure of the Dutch was not of long duration. By articles 8 and 1 S of the Treaty between Great Britain and the Netherlands, dated the 17th March 1824 (No. XV) y the Dutch settlements in Bengal were again made over to the British Government, in whose possession they have ever since remained, and formal Deeds of transfer of the settlements of Chinsura, Falta, Kalkapur, Balasor, Dacca, and Patna* were executed (Nos. XVI to XX). III. The princes and forts in the colonies and settlements which, by virtue of the t% vo preceding Articles, are to be ceded and exchanged by the two high (Contracting Parties, shall be given us in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature of the present Convention. IV. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects of His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, the same facilities, privileges, and protection, with respect to commerce and the security of their persons and property within the limits of the British Sovereignty on the Continent of India, as are now or should be granted to the most favoured nations. His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign, on his part, having nothing more st henrt than the perpetual duration of peace between the Crown of England and the United Netherlands, and wishing to do His utmost to avoid anything which might affect their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any fortifications in the establishments which are to be restored to Him within the limits of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of India, and only to place in those establishments the number of troops necessary for the maintenance of the police. v. Those colonies, factories, and establishments which are to be ceded to His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands by His Britannic Majesty, in the Seas or on the Continent of America, shall be given up within three months, and those which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope, within the six months which follow the ratification of the present Convention. ADDITIONAL ARTICLE— II.
“II. The small district of Baranagar, situated close to Calcutta, being requisite to the Dee reservation of the peace and police of that city, the Priuoe of Orange agrees to cede the said district to His Britannic Majesty, upon a payment of such sum annually to His Royal Highness may be considered, by Commissioners to be appointed by the respective Governments, to be just and reasonable, with reference to the profits or revenue usually derived by the Dutch Government from the same.”
* The deed relating to Patna is not forthcoming.
Source: “A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sanads Relating to India and Neighbourning Countries”. Compiled By: C.XJ. Aitchison, B.Sc.; Under-Secretariat to the Government of India in the Foreign Department. Containing The Treaties etc. relating to the Bengal Presidency, Assam, Burma and The Eastern Archiceology.Calcutta: Office of The Superintendent of Government Printing, India, 1892.
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